Sindh province, located in the southeast of Pakistan is the third largest province of Pakistan by area and second-largest province by population. Covering an area of 140,914 km², Sindh province is bordered by Balochistan province to the west, Punjab province to the north, the Indian states of Gujarat, and Rajasthan to the east and southeast, and the Arabian Sea to the south. Sindh is the home of the Sindhi people. Karachi is the provincial capital and Pakistan’s largest city as well as financial hub making the province the second-largest economy.
Historically Sindh has been the cradle of different civilizations and the first known village settlement to humans dates as far back as 7000 BCE. It then gave rise to the Indus valley civilization which even today is known as a highly developed society that ever existed in the region from about 2500 BCE to 1500 BCE. The province was conquered by successive empires including Persian Achaemenid, Alexander the Great, Seleucus Empire, Mauryan Empire, and Ashoka till Mohammad Bin Qasim invaded in 711 to spread Islam. In 1524 Mughal Empire was welcomed and then the British established footstep in the 19th century till partition in 1947.
Being one of the ancient cities of the world with a long-standing history, Sindh today has several tourist attractions from ruined cities to glorious monuments. Mazar-e-Quaid, Quid-e-Azam House Museum, Frare Hall, Mohatta Palace, National Museum, State Bank Museum, beaches, Karachi port, shopping malls, and religious monuments in Karachi; Chaukandi tombs, the ruins of Bhambore, Makli Necropolis, Keenijhar Lake, Heliji Lake, Shah Jahan Mosque in Thatta, Kirthar National Park, Gorakh Hills, Mohenjo Daro, Ranikot Fort, Kot Diji Fort, Noor Mahal Palace in Khairpur, Sukkur Barrage, Sindh Museum, and numerous tombs and shrines are some of the major tourist attractions.
Karachi has an international airport with direct and indirect access from around the world. The Indus highway connects Karachi and other cities of Sindh with Punjab and the rest of Pakistan. Makran Coastal highway connects Karachi and Gwadar which is the future business hub and port in Pakistan.