Balochistan is the largest of four provinces of Pakistan making up 44 percent of the country’s landmass yet sparsely populated by only 5 percent of the country’s total population. The name Baluchistan refers to the land of the Baloch people. However, Baloch people constitute only 52% of the population, Pashtuns make up 36%, and the remaining 12% of the population is comprised of smaller communities. Quetta is the capital city and Balochi & Pashtu are major languages understood and spoken while Urdu is the national and official language. Geographically, Baluchistan shares borders with Punjab and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces to the northeast, Sindh province to the east and southeast, the Arabian Sea to the south, Iran to the west and Afghanistan to the north and northwest.
The region’s history dates back to 7,000 BC Stone Age hunters called the Mehrgarh civilization. According to archaeological sources farmers on the Bolan River cultivated barley, wheat, and dates using floodwater and storing their surplus in large mud bins. There is also evidence of trade links with ancient civilization of Babylon. The province is enormously rich in natural resources yet least explored. Baluchistan’s unexplored and pristine tourist attractions are now gaining more attention than ever before. From the northern hilly plateaus and drylands to the mud volcanoes and rock formations of Hingol National Park and the serene beaches along the coastal highway extending to the wetlands in Jiwani, Baluchistan has both history and adventure to engage tourists.
Baluchistan is expected to be the most fascinating region both for business and tourism. Road link from Iran via Taftan to Quetta and to other major cities of Pakistan and the largest international airport in Gwadar will bring phenomenal changes in the tourism sector in Baluchistan. Currently, there is a flight connection from Karachi and by road access from Gwadar via Makran Coastal Highway and from Quetta city. The Makran Coastal Highway is a fascinating road connection dotted with matchless tourist attractions.